The biodiversity loss figures had been highlighted by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in its newest annual statistical compendium on the state of India’s setting, launched on World Environment Day final week.
Biodiversity is important to the ecological well being and stability of any area. As the American Museum of Natural historical past says, “It includes not only species we consider rare, threatened, or endangered but also every living thing — from humans to organisms we know little about, such as microbes, fungi, and invertebrates.” An alarming discount within the space of biodiversity hotspots requires pressing consideration from the authorities.
Noting that the 4 biodiversity hotspots have been decreased to lower than 10% of their unique extent, CSE in its report additionally flagged that 25 plant species have gone extinct in these hotspots.
Besides the Indo-Burma hotspot which incorporates whole north-jap India (besides Assam), Andaman group of islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and southern China; the opposite three hotspots within the nation are Himalaya (Indian Himalayan area and the areas falling in Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar), Western Ghats & Sri Lanka, and Sunda Land (Nicobar Islands, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei and Philippines).
A ‘biodiversity hotspot’ is characterised by distinctive ranges of plant endemism and by severe ranges of habitat loss. There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on this planet. Their mixed areas cover 2.3% of the earth’s land floor.
“Each hotspot has already lost at least 70% of its original natural vegetation,” stated the Botanical Survey of India. It famous that over 50% of the world’s plant species and 42% of all terrestrial vertebrate species are endemic to the 35 biodiversity hotspots.The CSE’s report has compiled publicly accessible information from the ‘ecosystem accounts for India’ and the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) report on endangered species. It stated 12% of 1,212 animal species in India, monitored by the IUCN under its Red List screens, are endangered.
The Indian Himalayan area is one of the areas that has lost most of its pure vegetation