May 30, 2023

India additionally referred to as “upon all Member States to prevent the flow of arms into Myanmar”.

United Nations:

India has abstained on a UN General Assembly decision on Myanmar, saying its views haven’t been mirrored within the draft and New Delhi doesn’t consider the decision, tabled unexpectedly, is conducive to “aiding our joint efforts towards strengthening democratic process” within the nation.

The UN General Assembly adopted the draft decision ‘The state of affairs in Myanmar” on Friday with 119 Member States voting in favour, together with Myanmar whereas 36 nations abstained, together with Myanmar’s neighbours – India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Laos, Nepal and Thailand. Russia additionally abstained.

Belarus was the only nation voting towards it.

“This resolution was tabled in the UN General Assembly in a hasty manner without adequate consultations with neighbours and regional countries. This is not only unhelpful but may also prove counter-productive to the efforts of the ASEAN to find a solution to the current situation in Myanmar,” India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador TS Tirumurti instructed PTI.

In the reason of the vote within the General Assembly corridor, Tirumurti stated as Myanmar”s instant neighbour and shut pal of its individuals, India is cognizant of the “serious impact of political instability” and the potential of its spillover past Myanmar”s borders.

India has been calling for better engagement with the target of peacefully resolving all points.

“We already have such an ongoing initiative under the aegis of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). It is important that we extend support to the ASEAN efforts,” Mr Tirumurti stated.

“During the discussions on this resolution, we had engaged in a spirit of finding a constructive and pragmatic way forward and had accordingly shared our suggestions to those who piloted this resolution,” he stated.

“However, we find that our views have not been reflected in the draft being considered for adoption today. We would like to reiterate that a consultative and constructive approach involving the neighbouring countries and the region, remains important as the international community strives for the peaceful resolution of the issue,” Mr Tirumurti stated.

He emphasised that the very fact that there’s a lack of assist from all neighbouring nations in addition to a number of nations within the area itself “should, hopefully, serve as an eye-opener to those who chose to pursue a hasty course of action.

“We, subsequently, don’t consider that the tabling of this decision for adoption at this juncture, is conducive to aiding our joint efforts in direction of strengthening the democratic course of in Myanmar. We are subsequently constrained to abstain,” Mr Tirumurti said.

The resolution expressed “grave concern” at the February 1 coup and called upon Myanmar”s military junta to immediately and unconditionally release President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government officials, politicians and those arbitrarily detained or arrested.

It also called “upon all Member States to forestall the move of arms into Myanmar”.

The resolution called on the Myanmar armed forces to end the state of emergency and respect all human rights of all the people of the country.

It also called on Myanmar to allow the sustained democratic transition, “together with the opening of the democratically elected parliament and by working in direction of bringing all nationwide establishments, together with the armed forces, underneath a completely inclusive civilian authorities that’s consultant of the desire of the individuals.”

It voiced concern at the human rights situation of persons belonging to ethnic, religious and other minorities in Myanmar, “together with the Rohingya Muslim minority, specifically with respect to the violations dedicated towards them and their rights associated to citizenship standing.”

Mr Tirumurti said as Myanmar”s neighbour, India has direct stakes in the maintenance of peace and stability in the country and welcomes the ASEAN initiative on Myanmar and the ‘Five-Point Consensus”.
“Our diplomatic engagements can be aimed toward strengthening these efforts. We additionally name for upholding the rule of legislation and launch of detained leaders,” he said.

Tirumurti also noted that Security Council has expressed strong support for ASEAN’s positive and constructive role in facilitating a peaceful solution in support of the people of Myanmar.

The ASEAN Five-point consensus states that there shall be an immediate cessation of violence in Myanmar and all parties shall exercise utmost restraint and constructive dialogue among all parties concerned shall commence to seek a peaceful solution in the interests of the people.

It also states that a special envoy of the ASEAN Chair shall facilitate mediation of the dialogue process, with the assistance of the Secretary-General of ASEAN.

ASEAN shall provide humanitarian assistance through the AHA Centre (ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management) and the special envoy and delegation shall visit Myanmar to meet with all parties concerned, it states.

Stressing that India”s position on the situation in Myanmar has been “clear and constant”, Tirumurti said New Delhi has expressed its deep concern on the developments in Myanmar and strongly condemned the use of violence and urge maximum restraint.

“We are agency that the trail to democracy in Myanmar ought to proceed to maneuver ahead by way of the method of democratic transition, which India has steadfastly supported,” Mr Tirumurti said.

“There could be no turning again on this. India will proceed to interact with measures to speed up and assist the democratic transition in Myanmar in order that the hopes and aspirations of the individuals of Myanmar are absolutely revered and met,” he said.

On the issue of repatriation of displaced persons from Rakhine state, he said India has the highest stakes in resolving this issue at the earliest since it is the only country that shares a long border with both Bangladesh and Myanmar.

“We have continued to counsel our companions on the necessity for a balanced and constructive strategy to this subject. Our assist has been for individuals on the bottom, at each Cox’s Bazar and within the Rakhine State,” he said.

He said that it was important to ensure efforts towards safe, speedy and sustainable repatriation of the displaced persons currently in Bangladesh to the Rakhine State of Myanmar, be expedited.

“We name on each side to interact actively on this,” Mr Tirumurti said.
India also commended Bangladesh for hosting a million displaced persons in its territory.

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