March 28, 2023

United Nations:

About 10,000 refugees have fled from Myanmar to India and Thailand as nationwide clashes within the nation led to “acute” new displacements of tons of of hundreds of civilians, Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General on Myanmar has stated, warning that the regional risk of the disaster is actual.

“In my daily contacts with stakeholders in Myanmar, I hear first-hand accounts about the dire situation. People suffer from deprivation, have no hope and live in fear,” Christine Schraner Burgener, Special Envoy of Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Myanmar, advised the UN General Assembly on Friday.

In the absence of worldwide motion, civilians are forming folks’s defence forces, she stated. They use self-made weapons and obtain army coaching from ethnic armed organisations of their resistance grounded on democratic solidarity. Multiple areas of the nation which haven’t seen armed clashes in many years turn into zones of serious unrest.

“Nationwide clashes, including in central Myanmar and regions bordering China, India and Thailand, have led to acute new displacements of around 175,000 civilians, and some 10,000 refugees have fled to India and Thailand. The regional threat of the crisis is real,” she stated, including that “we must continue to call for maximum restraint and condemn all forms of violence. The risk of a large-scale civil war is real.”

Mr Burgener emphasised that because the area faces a multi-dimensional disaster within the coronary heart of Asia, “our timely support and action is paramount”.

She additionally confused that the worldwide group should not overlook the Rohingya folks because the scenario of the Rohingya stays dire and the General Assembly should proceed to be seized on the problem as an integral a part of its engagement on Myanmar.

“Highlighting persistent challenges, Rohingya continue undertaking risky journeys across the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea,” Mr Burgener stated.

The UN General Assembly adopted the draft decision ‘The scenario in Myanmar” on Friday with 119 member states, together with Myanmar, voting in favour.

Belarus was the only real nation voting towards the decision, whereas 36 nations abstained. The nations which abstained from voting embody Myanmar’s neighbours — India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Lao, Nepal and Thailand. Russia additionally abstained.

India abstained on the General Assembly decision, saying its views haven’t been mirrored within the draft, which didn’t get assist even from Myanmar’s neighboring international locations and New Delhi doesn’t consider the decision, tabled swiftly, is conducive to “aiding our joint efforts towards strengthening democratic process” in Myanmar.

In the Explanation of Vote within the General Assembly corridor, India”s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador T S Tirumurti had stated as Myanmar’s quick neighbour and shut pal of its folks, India is cognisant of the “serious impact of political instability” and the potential of its spillover past Myanmar’s borders. India has been calling for higher engagement with the target of peacefully resolving all points.

“We already have such an ongoing initiative under the aegis of ASEAN. It is important that we extend support to the ASEAN efforts. During the discussions on this resolution, we had engaged in a spirit of finding a constructive and pragmatic way forward and had accordingly shared our suggestions to those who piloted this resolution,” Mr Tirumurti stated.

“However, we find that our views have not been reflected in the draft being considered for adoption today. We would like to reiterate that a consultative and constructive approach involving the neighbouring countries and the region, remains important as the international community strives for the peaceful resolution of the issue,” he stated.

Mr Tirumurti had emphasised that the truth that there’s lack of assist from all neighbouring international locations in addition to a number of international locations within the area itself “should, hopefully, serve as an eye-opener to those who chose to pursue a hasty course of action”.

“We, therefore, do not believe that the tabling of this resolution for adoption at this juncture, is conducive to aiding our joint efforts towards strengthening democratic process in Myanmar. We are therefore constrained to abstain,” he stated.

The decision expressed “grave concern” on the February 1 coup and referred to as upon Myanmar”s army junta to instantly and unconditionally launch President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and different authorities officers, politicians and people arbitrarily detained or arrested.

It additionally referred to as “upon all member states to prevent the flow of arms into Myanmar”.

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